The status of the Ottoman Empire and its extraterritorial treaties were left in violent limbo at Versailles. This impacts the world to this day.
Tag: Treaty of Versailles
The Matter of Time
Versailles treated the people of Greater Syria and Iraq—Muslims, Christians, and Jews alike—as inferiors in need of “civilizational therapy.”
Democracy’s Defeat Started at Versailles
Rather than extend democracy into economics (as socialism was then understood), postwar elites stifled democracy in politics instead.
Minorities and Myths: Antisemitism in Europe after 1919
Why were Jews not free from antisemitism anywhere in interwar Europe, even in places—like the USSR—where it was officially condemned?
Versailles: Arab Desires, Arab Futures
What forms of political community did the people of the Middle East imagine for themselves following World War I?
J. M. Keynes and the Visible Hands
In 1919, those crafting the fate of postwar Europe wanted their designs to be hidden from view. Fortunately, Keynes had other plans.
How Versailles Still Haunts the World
Middle Eastern borders, democratic defeats, the US War on Terror: all this flows from the Treaty of Versailles, now just over a century old.