Immigrants in the United States during the pandemic faced the same discrimination, disenfranchisement, violence, and terror as before—only intensified.
Maddalena Marinari teaches US history at Gustavus Adolphus College. She has published extensively on immigration restriction and immigrant mobilization. She is the author of Unwanted: Italian and Jewish Mobilization against Restrictive Immigration Laws, 1882–1965 and a coeditor of A Nation of Immigrants Reconsidered: US Society in an Age of Restriction, 1924–1965. She is the coeditor, with Erika Lee, of a special issue of the Journal of American History on the hundredth anniversary of the passage of the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924. She is the president-elect of the Immigration and Ethnic History Society.